Oral Hygiene

How to Brush

Periodontal Exercises

Massaging exercises are to:
  • Stimulate the circulation and encourage the healing of the gums.
  • Strengthen and tone the gums to make them more resistant to the bacteria.

All exercises are to be done:

  • Once a day thoroughly.
  • Any time of day.

Brushing: For areas of recession or abrasion

  • Sides of bristles should be placed vertically.

On upper arch sides of bristles are placed above gum line
On lower arch sides are placed below gum line.

  • Sides of bristles should be on the gum and tooth surfaces!
  • Apply lateral pressure.

    Wipe tooth (do not roll brush).

    It is better to be gentle and repeat steps then to be aggressive!

Rubber Tip: Designed to massage the gum between the teeth where the brush doesn’t reach.

  • Place the tip between the teeth with firm pressure. Point is tipped slightly away from gum – down for the upper teeth and up for the lower teeth.
  • Apply pressure on the gum with the side of the rubber tip (do not stab gum with point).
  • Use circular motions while applying pressure.
  • Do 10 cycles between each tooth, 5 in each direction. Avoid upper 6 front teeth unless directed by your hygienist.


    A cleansing exercise to remove plaque from between the teeth and under the gumline where the brush does not reach.

Wrap an 18 long piece of floss around your middle fingers. The working area of the floss should be kept short for better control.

Upper Teeth

  • Hold floss tightly between thumb and forefinger of each hand.
  • Gently insert floss between teeth using a sawing motion.
  • Do not force or snap floss.
  • Guide floss to the gumline.
  • Curve floss into C-shape against one side of the tooth.
  • Slide into space between gum and tooth.
  • Repeat on side of another tooth.
  • Use a fresh piece of floss between each tooth.

Lower Teeth

  • Use same technique but use forefingers of both hands to guide floss.
  • When doing exercises floss first, followed by brushing and rubber tip.

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